1335 - Wind Powered Car
Guido Da Vigevano was personal physician of the queen of France, Joan I. For an envisaged crusade, he drew sketches of armoured chariots, wind-propelled carriages and siege engines.
He was also one of the first to add drawings of organs to his anatomical descriptions. His sketches were typically medieval in that they lack perspectivity, invented only at the beginning of the Renaissance by Brunelleschi.
Two years before the Hundred Years War, a physician and engineer named Guido da Vigevano attached himself to Philippe VI of France, whom he expected to go on an obligatory crusade. To strengthen his position with Philippe, Guido wrote a sort of crusade handbook for him. Nine folios of the book advise the king on how to look after his health on the journey. The other fourteen folios advise him on military technology.
Historian Rupert Hall points out muddy inconsistencies between Guido's text and sketches. But the machines are clear enough in their broad intent. They are a last breath of the soaring medieval imagination. Guido knew wood was hard to find in the Holy Land, so his siege equipment was to be broken into prefabricated parts that horses could carry. He said a lot about joints and assembly. We find folding attack boats and pontoon bridges -- innovative new forms of body armor. We find two self-propelled battle wagons: one was crank-driven; the other carried its own windmill for power.
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